May 21 is the day the first elementary school opened in Japan.
It was the day when the first elementary school under the school district system in Japan, "Bangumi Elementary School," was born in Kyoto.
In 1869, 64 elementary schools were established in 65 Bangumi (town societies) in central Kyoto.
The pioneers of this movement were "上京第二十七番組小学校 (Kamigyo 27 Bangumi elementary school)" and "下京第十四番組小学校 (Shimogyo 14 Bangumi elementary school)", which opened on May 21.
It happened three years before the Japanese school system started.
It was a turning point from the end of the Edo period to the Meiji period, and Kyoto was on the verge of decline due to the transfer of the capital to Tokyo.
Then, the townspeople who stood up for the restoration put a special emphasis on education.
It is said that all 64 Bangumi elementary schools opened in about half a year from May 21.
The opening ceremony of 上京第二十七番組小学校 (Kamigyo 27 Bangumi elementary school) was held at the school building of Tominokoji-dori street Oike.
In 1873, it was relocated to Yanaginobanba Oike and renamed as "柳池小学校 (Ryuchi Elementary School)".
After the war, the new educational system of 6-3-3-4 (6 years of elementary school, 3 years of junior high school, 3 years of senior high school, 4 years of university) was adopted.
柳池小学校 (Ryuchi Elementary School) became "柳池中学校 (Ryuchi Junior High School)" in 1947.
In 2003, it integrated with 城巽中学校 (Joson Junior High School) and is now it is "京都御池中学校 (Kyoto Oike Junior High School)".
We can look back on the past with the stone monument of "日本最初小学校 柳池校 (Japan's First Elementary School, Ryuchi School)" in front of Kyoto Oike Junior High School.
Most elementary schools with a history of being a Bangumi elementary school have been merged or abolished, and the site has been used as facilities.
京都市学校歴史博物館 (Kyoto City Museum of School History) is one of them, and it started from "下京第十一番組小学校 (Shimogyo 11 Bangumi elementary school)"
After that, the name was changed to "開智小学校 (Kaichi Elementary School)", and until it was closed in 1992, it had a history of 123 years.
The museum has been welcoming visitors since November 1998.
They have various materials related to the elementary school of the program.
They also have educational materials such as textbooks, teaching materials and teaching materials that are said to have been handed down from schools in the city.
Various arts and crafts that graduates donated to the school are also exhibited.
It is currently closed under the state of emergency.
How about going out to learn about the unique school education in Kyoto when it is resumed?
日本最初小学校 柳池校 (Japan's First Elementary School, Ryuchi School) Monument
45 -3 Toraishi-cho, Oike-agaru, Yanagibaba-dori, Nakagyo Ward, Kyoto City (in front of Kyoto Oike Junior High School)
It is 1 minute walk from Kyoto Shiyakusho-mae Subway Station
京都市学校歴史博物館 (Kyoto City Museum of School History)
437 Tachibana-cho, Bukko-ji Sagaru, Gokomachi, Shimogyo Ward, Kyoto City
10 minutes walk from Exit 10 of Hankyu Kyoto Kawaramachi Station