BLOGWalking2021.05.24

The name of "西陣 (Nishi-jin)" comes from the "応仁の乱 (Onin War)"

The Onin War is known as one of the largest civil wars in Japanese history.

It broke out in the first year of the Onin era (1467) in the Muromachi period, and it is said that it took 11 years for the temple to finish its mission and 33 years for its reconstruction.

The 'Goryo-jinja Shrine' (Kamigoryo-jinja Shrine) was introduced in the previous 'KYOTO-CHISHIN'.

It is said to be the place where the Onin War broke out, and the Battle of Kamigoryo, which broke out here in January, was the beginning of everything.

Starting with this, various battles broke out at various places on various days.

In addition to Goryo-jinja Shrine, Kyoto is dotted with places related to the Onin War.

Today, we introduce the Battle of Kamigyo, which took place between May 26 and 27, 1467.

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In the 'Battle of Kamigyo', territorial lords split into the eastern and western armies to fight over the successor of the eighth shogun, Yoshimasa ASHIKAGA.

The general of the Western Camp was Sozen YAMANA and the general of the Eastern Camp was Katsumoto HOSOKAWA, both of whom were military commanders and shugo daimyo of the Muromachi Shogunate.

The headquarters of the Western Camp led by Sozen was Sozen's residence located in Kamidachiuri, Horikawa-dori Street.

The Yamana family residence was also destroyed by the fire, and Sozen died in battle in 1473.

We can recall the past with a stone monument at the site of Sozen Yamana's residence staying quietly in a residential area.

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The name of '西陣 (Nishi-jin)' known for Nishi-jin brocade is said to be derived from the fact that Sozen set up a camp in the west during the Onin War.

Against '西陣 (Nishi-jin)', it was considered as '東陣 (Higashi-jin)' that Eastern Camp led by Katsumoto camped in the east.

During the war, a river called "Kogawa" ran along present-day Ogawa-dori Street.

With a small bridge called 'Dodobashi' across the Teranouchi, Ogawa-dori Street as a boundary, the Eastern Camp refers to the eastern camp and the Western Camp refers to the western camp.

The eastern camp was narrower than the western camp, but it is said that it was the official army of ASHIKAGA Shogunate.

Sometime ago, the area around Higashijin also started to be called "Nishijin."

At present, one of the four "foundation stones of the Dodo-bashi Bridge" that supported the piers of the bridge remains in this area.

It is located at "Dodo-bashi Hiroba square" in the southeast corner of "Hokyo-ji Temple" called "Dodo no Gosho".

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The base of the Eastern Camp led by Katsumoto HOSOKAWA was the residence of Katsumoto and the residence of the Ashikaga Shogunate family called "花の御所 (Hana no Gosho)".

Those residences disappeared, but it is known to Hana no Gosho was spread in the northeast area from Imadegawa Muromachi crossing.

At the intersection of Imadegawa-dori Muromachi, there is a stone monument that says "従是東北 足利将軍室町第址 (This is the Muromachi site of the Tohoku ASHIKAGA Shogun)".

In addition, we can see the stone monument of "花乃御所 (Hana no Gosho)" in the precincts of Daishoji Monzeki Temple at Karasuma-dori Imadegawa.

In recent years, stone-paved remains of Hana no Gosho have been excavated at the site of Doshisha University Kambaikan at Karasuma, Kamidachiuri-dori Street.

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When the Onin War ended, textile workers who had been scattered all over Japan returned from Kyoto.

The textile industry became active again in this area, which was called Nishi-jin.

It can be said that Nishijin-ori (textile industry), a traditional craft representing Kyoto, has left the name of Nishi-jin.

When you walk in the Nishi-jin area, it might be a good idea to visit places related to the Onin War.


山名宗全邸宅跡 (Remains of the residence of Sozen YAMANA)
Fujikicho, Nishi-iru, Kamidachiuri-sagaru, Horikawa-dori, Kamigyo Ward, Kyoto City

百々橋の礎石 (Dodo-bashi no Soseki : foundation stone of Dodo-bashi Bridge)
Dodo-cho, Horikawa Higashi-iru, Teranouchi Street, Kamigyo Ward, Kyoto City

「花乃御所」の石碑 (The stone monument of 'Hana no Gosho')
Karasuma Dori Imadegawa Agaru, Kamigyo Ward, Kyoto City (in the precincts of Daisho-ji Monzeki Temple)


Here is for Goryo-jinja Shrine, where the Onin War broke out

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