BLOGWalking2021.05.26

Waka Poems that I'd like to compose on the day of "Hyakunin Isshu"

May 27 is "Hyakunin Isshu no Hi (Day of one hundred Waka Poems by one hundred poets)".

There must have been many people who memorized Hyakunin Isshu (One Hundred Waka Poems by One Hundred Poets) and played Karuta (cards) when they were students.

It's nice that Waka written from Asuka period to Kamakura period is still handed down.

Hyakunin Isshu is a collection of poems by 100 poets, selected 1 poem for each poet.

It is said to have been compiled by poet FUJIWARA no Teika around May 27, 1235 in the Kamakura period.

On the day when the Hyakunin Isshu (One Hundred Waka Poems by One Hundred Poets) was compiled, FUJIWARA no Teika, at the request of a friend, decorated folding screens in his villa with colored papers from 100 poets.

The villa was Ogura Sanso in Saga, Kyoto, which is said to be the origin of the name "Ogura Hyakunin Isshu".

Ogura Villa no longer exists, but stone monuments engraved with 100 waka poems were scattered in 5 areas of Saga Arashiyama.

When the world settles down, why don't you find your favorite song in the birthplace of Hyakunin Isshu?

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Some poems are set in Kyoto, including Ogurayama in Saga.

A poem that seems to have been composed about the scenery of Kamigamo-jinja Shrine (Kamowakeikazuchi-jinja Shrine) is one of them.

"風そよぐ ならの小川の夕暮れは みそぎぞ夏の しるしなりける (The wind swings the leaves of the oak tree, and although the twilight of the Nara-no-Ogawa brook is as cool as autumn, it is still summer because a purification ceremony was being performed)".

The author was Junii (Junior Second Rank) Ietaka (FUJIWARA no Ietaka), a poet in the early Kamakura period.

Part of the Mitarashi River that flows through the grounds of Kamigamo Shrine is called the "Nara-no-Ogawa brook".

At that time, there was an oak tree by this brook, and its leaves were shaking in the wind.

"Misogi" is the "六月祓 (Minazuki Harae)" that is, "Nagoshi no Harae," a Shinto ritual to remove evils of half a year.

Kamigamo-jinja Shrine also holds "Nagoshi no Oharae-shiki" on June 30.

This is a poem that you will want to compose in the coming season, but according to the old calendar, it starts from July 1 in autumn.

It is said that he wrote about a scene where he performed a Shinto ritual in summer while there was a sign of autumn.

There is also a large stone monument engraved with this waka poem near Nara-no-Ogawa brook.

There is no oak tree now, but this season the green maple tree swings in the wind and I want to compose Reiwa's poem.

It is good time for immersing ourselvs in the world of waka poetry.

It is good time for playing cards with our family, too!

Now that we spend more time at home, it seems fun to be familiar with Hyakunin Isshu.


Kamigamo-jinja Shrine (Kamowakeikazuchi-jinja Shrine
339 Kamigamo Motoyama, Kita Ward, Kyoto City
3 minutes walk from Kamigamo-Misono-bashi at Kyoto City bus stop

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